Primarily credited with bringing the kettlebell back into Western culture in the 21st century, Pavel Tsatsouline (who I first mentioned here) came to the United States shortly after the Berlin wall collapsed. He first became a kettlebell instructor in 1998 and holds a degree in Sports Science from the Physical Culture Institute in Minsk. The Russians were still using kettlebells as equipment for their national sport and competitions, but personal fitness is a unique type of physical challenge with a different mindset that Pavel was able to master.
Of the 253 players drafted in the 2017 NFL Draft, nearly 90 percent played multiple sports in high school. Numbers like that are tough to ignore. The benefits of being a multi-sport athlete are immense. Playing different sports teaches your body to move in different ways and reinforces competitiveness. It also can reduce your chance of suffering a sports-related injury. In a different study presented at the same aforementioned AOSSM meeting, researchers found that high school athletes with a "high specialization classification" had an 85-percent higher incidence of lower extremity injuries than high school athletes with a "low specialization classification". Essentially, athletes who specialized were found to be at a much higher risk of lower extremity injury than athletes who play and train in multiple sports.
As mentioned previously, a periodization mesocycle can be planned in many ways. The traditional 3:1 build-to-recover cycle is popular but is not recommended for all athletes (as explained earlier). Other potential build-to-recover models—such as 2 weeks to 1 week, 16 days to 5 days, or 23 days to 5 days—can be implemented with great success. The 2:1 cycle is especially good for novice endurance athletes because it allows for good recovery in the beginning of a training program. Keep in mind that any single approach to training may not work throughout the entire season. For an athlete to continue progressing toward optimal performance, various training methods may need to be used throughout the athlete’s training year. Once the athlete’s body begins to develop and the athlete’s performance begins to level off, it may be time to change the periodization method or look at the recovery program in more detail.