Cingal TM , Monovisc ® and Orthovisc ® may not be suitable for everyone. Talk to your doctor if you have questions regarding these products, or for more information on pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. Product information is only pertinent for use in Canada. Cingal TM , Monovisc ® and Orthovisc ® are trademarks of Anika Therapeutics Inc., used under licence by Pharmascience Inc. Pendopharm, Division of Pharmascience Inc. Product Licences are pertinent to use in Canada. Product Licences herein are not approved for use in the .
Addiction to cortisone was the subject of the 1956 motion picture, Bigger Than Life , produced by and starring James Mason . Though it was a box-office flop upon its initial release,  many modern critics hail it as a masterpiece and brilliant indictment of contemporary attitudes towards mental illness and addiction.  In 1963, Jean-Luc Godard named it one of the ten best American sound films ever made.  John F. Kennedy needed to regularly use corticosteroids such as cortisone as a treatment for Addison's disease . 
Although epidural steroid injections (also called epidural corticosteroid injections) may be helpful to confirm a diagnosis, they should be used primarily after a specific presumptive diagnosis has been established. Also, injections should not be used in isolation, but rather in conjunction with a program stressing muscle flexibility, strengthening, and functional restoration.
Epidural injections and intradiscal injections have been used in the treatment of non-radicular degenerative disc disease with limited success. Proper follow-up after injections to assess the patient's treatment response and ability to progress in the rehabilitation program is essential. A limited number of injections can be tried to reduce pain, but careful monitoring of the response is required prior to a second or third injection.