Lessons from the Santa Monica effort apply broadly to other local governments. Some of the most strategic and data-driven leaders in government today use "stat" programs to manage for results, yet very few have started as Santa Monica has by asking whether the activities they measure produce the larger vision they have for their citizens. In addition, too many stat programs begin from the data on hand. Managers should take a step back from their dashboards to examine these larger questions and ask a provocative "why?" before developing a performance scorecard.
The NHC began naming subtropical storms in 2002. Between 1968 and 2001, subtropical storms were simply given numbers ("One", "Two", etc). Before 1968, subtropical storms were never classified as such, but were sometimes called "Unnamed storm". A landmark study performed by Herbert and Poteat (1975) led to a substantial increase in the identification and naming of subtropical storms in the late 1970s and early 1980s. However, when Bob Sheets became director of the National Hurricane Center between 1987 and 1995, he declared that subtropical storms should not be recognized, and very few subtropical storms were classified during this period. Prior to 1968, there are many systems that were subtropical in the Atlantic that should have been included in the official HURDAT database. I've seen estimates that 5-10 storms were missed in the 1950s, and ten storms between 1969 and 1999. A reanalysis effort is underway to include these "missed" storms into the database. However, it will be several years before this process is complete.