When the English captured Jamaica in 1655, the Spanish colonists fled after freeing their slaves.  The slaves dispersed into the mountains, joining the maroons , those who had previously escaped to live with the Taíno native people.  During the centuries of slavery, Maroons established free communities in the mountainous interior of Jamaica, where they maintained their freedom and independence for generations. The Jamaican Maroons fought the British during the 18th century. Under treaties of 1738 and 1739, the British agreed to stop trying to round them up in exchange for their leaving the colonial settlements alone, but serving if needed for military actions.  Some of the communities were broken up and the British deported Maroons to Nova Scotia and, later, Sierra Leone . The name is still used today by modern Maroon descendants, who have certain rights and autonomy at the community of Accompong .