Psychiatry deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention and cure of mental disorders, which includes cognitive, behavioral, affective and perceptual mental disorders. Psychiatry depends on other social and medical sciences and hence it follows an interdisciplinary approach for the treatment. Psychiatric treatment is a combination of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy which includes medication, counseling and other proven techniques that can cure mental disorders. Research in psychiatry is focused on the development of new treatments, improvement of clinical outcomes and identification of various methods to help patients and families cope with the burdens of mental health conditions.
“DSM IV is the fabrication upon which psychiatry seeks acceptance by medicine in general. Insiders know it is more a political than scientific document. To its credit it says so — although its brief apologia is rarely noted. DSM IV has become a bible and a money making best seller — its major failings notwithstanding. It confines and defines practice, some take it seriously, others more realistically. It is the way to get paid. Diagnostic reliability is easy to attain for research projects. The issue is what do the categories tell us? Do they in fact accurately represent the person with a problem? They don’t, and can’t, because there are no external validating criteria for psychiatric diagnoses.” Psychiatrist Loren Mosher, former Chief of NIMH’s Center for Studies of Schizophrenia, head of Schizophrenia Research, National Institute of Mental health